Some NICs  support transmit and receive queues without kernel support allowing the NIC to execute even when the functionality of the operating system of a critical system has been severely compromised. That way, taking the application locality into account results in higher overall performance, reduced latency and better hardware utilization, resulting from the higher utilization of CPU caches and fewer required context switches. The hardware-based distribution of the interrupts, described above, is referred to as receive-side scaling RSS. Retrieved September 24, The NIC may distribute incoming traffic between the receive queues using a hash function. With multiqueue NICs, additional performance improvements can be achieved by distributing outgoing traffic among different transmit queues. Retrieved 19 May
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The low cost and ubiquity of the Ethernet standard means that most newer computers have a network interface built into the motherboard. Not to be confused with network interface device.
Realtek PCIe Gigabit Ethernet 10//M Network Driver Driver – TechSpot
An Ethernet network controller typically has an 8P8C socket where the network cable is connected. Network controllers were originally implemented as expansion cards that plugged into a computer bus.
The NIC is both a physical layer and data link layer device, as it provides physical access to a networking medium and, for IEEE and similar networks, provides a low-level addressing system through the use of MAC addresses that are uniquely assigned to network interfaces.
Early network interface controllers were commonly implemented on expansion cards that plugged into a computer bus. Some NICs  support transmit and receive queues without kernel support allowing the NIC to execute even when the functionality of the operating system of a critical system has been severely compromised.
Network interface controller
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The NIC may distribute incoming traffic between the receive queues using a hash function. This kind of functionality is usually referred to as user-level networking.
When a CPU just isn’t fast enough”. The NIC allows computers to communicate over a computer network, either by using cables or wirelessly. LEDs adjacent to or integrated into the network connector inform the user of whether the network is connected, and when data activity occurs. Retrieved 19 May Retrieved October 11, In addition, m-tec set out principles of action, like respect for the law, carrying for the environment and worker health and safety, in order to achieve responsible and sustainable growth.
The network controller implements the electronic circuitry required to communicate using a specific physical layer and data link layer standard such as Ethernet or Wi-Fi.