Similarly, the term mainboard is applied to devices with a single board and no additional expansions or capability, such as controlling boards in laser printers, televisions, washing machines and other embedded systems with limited expansion abilities. It holds and allows communication between many of the crucial electronic components of a system, such as the central processing unit CPU and memory , and provides connectors for other peripherals. FREE Shipping on eligible orders. Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. Retrieved from ” https:

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Inadequate case cooling and elevated temperatures around the CPU socket exacerbate this problem.

Given the high thermal design power of high-speed computer CPUs and components, modern motherboards nearly always include heat sinks and mounting points for fans to dissipate excess heat. Amazon Music Stream millions of songs. Back to search Esc. Save to Collection Create your free account to use Collections Save and organize all the images you need for your projects with Collections.

Usually intended for building new computers compatible with the exemplars, many motherboards offered additional performance or other features and were used to upgrade the manufacturer’s original equipment. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.


Amazon Inspire Digital Educational Resources. Motherboards are produced in a variety of sizes and shapes called computer form factor anakqrt, some of which are specific to individual computer manufacturers.


Start Here No thanks. Archived from the original on 21 June Some small form factor computers and home theater PCs designed for quiet and energy-efficient operation boast fan-less designs.

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The most ggabyfe computers of the s such as the Apple II and IBM PC had published schematic diagrams and other documentation which permitted rapid reverse-engineering and third-party replacement motherboards. Additionally, nearly all motherboards include logic and connectors to support commonly used input devices, such as USB for mouse devices and keyboards.

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Views Read Edit View history. In very old designs, copper wires were the discrete connections between card connector pins, but printed circuit boards soon became the standard practice.

At power-up, the central processor would load its program counter with the address of the boot ROM and start executing instructions from the ROM.

This page was last edited on 21 Decemberat English Choose a language for shopping. When power is first supplied to the motherboard, the BIOS firmware tests and configures memory, circuitry, and peripherals. It can sometimes also have a PCI-E 4x slot will vary between brands and models.


Amazon Second Chance Pass it on, trade it in, give it a second life. This typically requires the use of a low-power CPU, as well as careful layout of the motherboard and other components to allow for heat sink placement. It is a special type of integrated circuit socket designed for very high pin counts. We couldn’t load this image at the moment. Laptop computers generally use highly integrated, miniaturized and customized motherboards.

Learn more about Amazon Prime. Raspberry Pi 3 Model B Motherboard. A typical desktop computer has its microprocessormain memoryand other essential components connected to the motherboard.

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Motherboards are generally air cooled with heat sinks often mounted on larger chips, such as the Northbridgein modern motherboards. High rates of motherboard failures in China and India appear to be due to ” sulfurous air pollution produced by coal ” burned to generate electricity.

Passive coolingor a single fan mounted on the power supplywas sufficient for many desktop computer CPU’s until the late s; since then, most have required CPU fans mounted on their heat sinksdue to rising clock speeds and power consumption.